Paresthesia

Get the details on paresthesia.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome, also known as CTS, is a medical condition that can lead to paresthesia in the affected patient.

Symptoms

In carpal tunnel syndrome, the fingers in particular are affected, although the hands and wrists can also be impacted. Paresthesia, including tingling and numbness, is typical. Feelings of "burning" can also be involved. Pain can also affect the person with this condition. In some situations, pain is also mentioned as being felt in the shoulder and arm. Without the administration of treatment, certain muscles (known as thenar) may be hit with weakness and wasting away.

Causes

In most situations, the cause behind carpal tunnel syndrome is not known. It is famously associated with typing, although the link between this condition and repetitive motions such as that is controversial. There seems to be a genetic factor that can be involved in the development of the condition. Additionally, other medical conditions and situations may also lead to its development. An example of this is a tumor that sticks into the patient's carpal tunnel. Another such situation is rheumatoid arthritis, which can bring on tendon inflammation.


Diagnosis

A doctor is involved in the diagnosis of a case of CTS. Electrophysiological testing is typically used. A physical examination and consideration of the person's medical history may also be beneficial in corroboration of the diagnosis. Typically, numbness is the main symptom, and not pain.

Treatment

There are many different treatments for carpal tunnel syndrome. Talk with a doctor for information on particular methods of treatment that may be useful in your own situation. Nothing on this page is intended to be taken as advice for using any specific method to treat your own case, and the details here are not professional in nature, nor a substitute for such advice.

In some cases of CTS, patients use splinting for treatment. Physical therapy is also a treatment option employed by some. Some medications might also be helpful in certain instances. Surgery may also be used. This is not an exhaustive list -- other options are also available.

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