Paresthesia

Get the details on paresthesia.

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia (FMS - the S stands for syndrome) is a medical condition, and is considered by some to be a disease. Due to issues such as a lack of objective testing methods for diagnosis, some people do not consider it a disease, but simply a medical disorder. There is also an absence of an agreement related to the cause of FMS.

Symptoms

There are numerous symptoms that may appear in a person with fibromyalgia. One of these candidates is paresthesia, or a tingling sensation. Chronic pain at various places throughout the body is a common symptom. Allodynia, or a pain which occurs from a stimulus that under ordinary circumstances would not produce such a sensation, is also common. Symptoms related to the muscles may occur, including twitching, spasms, and weakness in the individual's limbs. Heart palpitations are also possible. Cognitive dysfunction also takes place in many instances of fibromyalgia. A nickname for this is "fibrofog." It can include particular issues such as a reduced attention span, worsened concentration, issues with both long and short-term memory, and other aspects.

Causes

As mentioned, there is no real consensus on what causes FMS. There is a selection of proposed medical causes. Some people consider that genetic issues may play a role in development of this disorder. It is also thought by some that stress can be involved in cases of fibromyalgia. Many other hypotheses and theories are circulated. At this time, there is no conclusive cause, and it is unknown whether one or more of the issues raised may be related in some way to the illness.


Diagnosis

Also as brought up in the introduction section of this page, there is no specific diagnostic method used to detect whether a person has FMS. Even the criteria of what actually constitutes a case is uncertain. In many situations involving fibromyalgia, test results come back normal, but the symptoms involved are similar to those seen in other medical problems. Based on differential diagnosis, other diseases and disorders can be eliminated or deemed unlikely.

Treatment

There is no cure for fibromyalgia. Additionally, although treatment methods are available, there is no one particular method that is embraced on a complete basis. Many treatments are given with management or relief of the symptoms in mind. Various options range from therapies, to medications such as muscle relaxants and antidepressants, to increased levels of exercise.

Read further about paresthesia, or go right to the list of other possible causes.