Paresthesia

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Guillain-Barre syndrome

One of the possible medical reasons for paresthesia which we discuss on this site is Guillain-Barre syndrome, which can also be referred to as GBS for short. It is a medical condition that affects the patient's peripheral nervous system, sometimes called the PNS. Many other symptoms along with paresthesia can be present, and some of these are mentioned on this page.

Types

Cases of GBS can be categorized as belonging to one of several different types. The most frequently found form is acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, which is given the acronym AIDP. There are other types, however, including Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis, and others.

Symptoms

Any individual case of GBS might have symptoms that differ from another particular situation. Additionally, please keep in mind that as mentioned above, there are several different forms of this issue, and those can also lead to various signs. Generally, weakness occurs, which shows up on both sides of the body, and begins in the legs. This weakness rises in a quick manner, and after a time period of at least hours but potentially up to days, muscles in the arms and face can also be hit with symptoms. Other signs may also appear.

Causes

Cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome occur when an immune response has the wrong target -- the patient's own nerve tissues. For this reason, it is autoimmune in nature. It is thought that this disorder might rarely occur as a side effect of receiving a flu vaccine, while VAERS puts the incidence at roughly 1 case per million vaccinations.


Diagnosis

Someone qualified, such as a doctor, is the one to attempt to make a diagnosis of GBS. It should be kept in mind that there are many other conditions that are potential differential diagnosis candidates, and testing may be done which could either make those seem to be behind the symptoms, or rule those issues out. The doctor may use symptoms as well as background information in the diagnostic process. Analyzing cerebrospinal fluid is a frequent testing method, but others are also commonly used.

Treatment

When a patient has been diagnosed with Guillain-Barre syndrome, the treatment that is used may be different from that which is given to another person who has been diagnosed with the same disease. Please do not take details from this page to attempt to treat any case of this illness. In general, the person's vital functions are carefully watched. When the individual is in a stable state, then the issue that led to the case of GBS is often treated.

You're welcome continue reading about paresthesia, or go directly to the list of certain other possible medical reasons for it.