Paresthesia

Get the details on paresthesia.

Hypoparathyroidism

Hypoparathyroidism is a situation in which the parathyroid glands are affected. In such a medical condition, they do not produce the standard amounts of parathyroid hormones (which can be referred to as PTH). It is an endocrine disease, that is, the condition affects the endocrine system.

Symptoms

Paresthesia can occur as a symptom of hypoparathyroidism, however, it is not the only possibility. Here some other potential symptoms are brought up, but please keep in mind that the following to not make up an exhaustive list. Of course, they can also appear in other medical issues, and don't necessarily mean that a person has a case of hypoparathyroidism.

A patient with this issue may present with pain in the abdomen. Pain can also appear in other areas, such as in the lower limbs (both the feet and legs), and the face. Fingers and toes are two areas that paresthesia may show up in, and it may also occur in the lips. Both the skin and hair can become dry, with the former also having the possibility of becoming scaly. Muscles can be affected by cramps or spasms (or both).

Causes

A variety of different underlying medical reasons can lead to a case of hypoparathyroidism. As with the previously mentioned symptoms, please keep in mind that this list is not comprehensive. Surgery to remove some or all of the thyroid gland, or other surgical procedures in the neck area can lead to trauma that stops the function of the parathyroid glands (temporarily or permanently). Aside from surgical reasons, the next most frequently found reason is due to autoimmune issues. A magnesium deficiency can also lead to this disease. Additionally, there are other potential reasons, and sometimes the condition is idiopathic (i.e. its cause is unknown).


Diagnosis and Treatment

Blood testing is done to check the levels of PTH, serum albumin, and calcium. There are several differential diagnoses, and a doctor or other professional is the one to attempt to make a diagnosis based on the information available. Generally, supplementation of Vitamin D3 and calcium is the treatment method used for the long haul. As of the time of this writing, the author read that a PTH supplementation was being looked into, but additional studies on it still needed to be done. If the patient is found to have particularly low levels of calcium (which can be life-threatening) then immediate treatment for this situation may be attempted.

You can read more general details related to paresthesia, or go right to our list of some other possible medical causes.