Paresthesia

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Menopause

Menopause is used in different ways and therefore has come to be understood by various meanings. In a clinical sense, it refers to the particular time, the day following a woman's last menstrual flow. Despite this, it has become commonly used to mean the time of transition, which is medically known as perimenopause. Additionally, it is sometimes used to refer to the time afterward, which is clinically known as postmenopause. In this article, we're defining menopause according to the popular parlance, so the discussion revolves around the transition years. Keep this in mind in case you were looking for information on either the actual date of menopause, or the time of postmenopause, as the details you find here may not apply to those situations.

Symptoms

Various medical signs and indications of the changes taking place in the woman's body may occur during these years of transition. One that is commonly known is the appearance of hot flashes. Night sweats can be a way in which these appear. Heart palpitations may also take place. There may also be tachycardia, that is, an increased heart rate. Paresthesia can occur -- in particular, a type known as formication, in which there are sensations on the skin such as tingling, crawling or itching. Vaginal dryness and atrophy may also occur. There may be a sensation of urgency to urinate. Menstrual cycles may vary more in their timing. Numerous other symptoms can also occur.


Management

In some cases, the effects that occur due to menopause can become of a severe enough nature that they lead to particular disruption of the person's life. In cases like this, symptomatic management may be used in order to try to lessen the severity of some of the effects. For instance, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can be used, in this case, to give the person estrogen, with progestin if she her uterus is intact, or without if it isn't. This may be useful in reducing hot flashes, as well as in relieving dryness of the vagina, and some other effects that are felt. However, there are certainly risks to taking this, and a doctor should be talked with so that the individual can learn more about both the possible benefits and risks. There are many other management methods available.

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