Get the details on paresthesia.

Metabolic disorders

There are many different kinds of metabolic disorders, and some of them can lead to paresthesia amongst other symptoms. On this page, three particular types are mentioned. You can also read more about any one of these particular three conditions by clicking on its link to continue to its own separate page.


This term is actually used to cover a group of medical conditions, including the type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) forms, as well as the gestational kind. In T1D, the insulin production by the body is lacking, leading to the necessity of insulin injections. This form used to be known commonly as juvenile diabetes, but no longer goes by that name as frequently. T2D comes by way of resistance to insulin, and may also involve a lack of a sufficient amount of it. Gestational diabetes is the type in which a pregnant woman has elevated levels of blood sugar during pregnancy, despite not having received a previous diagnosis of diabetes. You can continue in order to read more about diabetes.


In someone with this metabolic disorder, there is an abnormally low amount of thyroid hormone in his body. This can refer to what are known as T3, T4, or both. These two hormones are known by the longer names of, respectively, triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Iodine deficiency is commonly behind cases of hypothyroidism. Salt is now iodized in many countries, though, and there are many other reasons that can be behind cases of low thyroid function. Read further on hypothyroidism.


It may sound similar to the low thyroid function issue previously mentioned, but hypoparathyroidism actually refers to the parathyroid glands. These are glands which, in turn, produce parathyroid hormone (PTH). It can lead to a number of different medical symptoms, including dry hair, muscle cramps, pain in the abdomen, and paresthesia. Low blood levels of calcium, a condition known as hypocalcemia, can result from hypoparathyroidism. This is a serious issue that can become life-threatening if particularly low levels are reached. More information is also available on hypoparathyroidism.

Return to the homepage to read further on paresthesia, or go directly to a list of more potential medical reasons.