Paresthesia

Get the details on paresthesia.

Migraines

Migraines are one of the possible medical reasons for paresthesia. This condition involves headaches, but it is not simply a standard pain in the head. It also has characteristic nausea, as well as other potential symptoms which are mentioned below.

Symptoms

The headache that occurs when someone is going through a migraine is felt on one half of the patient's head. It may last anywhere from several hours up to a few days. The sensation is typically throbbing in nature (vs. being a sharp pain, dull ache, etc.). There may be nausea, as mentioned, but also vomiting. The person can experience an increased sensitivity to sound and/or light, conditions known, respectively, as phonophobia and photophobia. These are some of the symptoms that can appear during the migraine.

However, there are also other stages in an attack. The time during which the headache occurs is known as the pain phase, which is the third stage, while the prodrome is the first, the aura is the second, and the postdrome is the fourth. Symptoms of the prodrome stage occur in only between 40 to 60 percent of people who have attacks, and some of them include yawning, stiff muscles, and fatigue. Not everyone has an aura with migraines, however, for some it is a major part of the issue, and in some instances other symptoms can occur during it, including vertigo, paresthesia, and others. Even after the end of the headache phase, certain symptoms can continue for days, in what is known as the postdrome phase. Pain in the head, difficulty thinking, weakness, and GI symptoms are some of the possible issues.


Causes

What leads to a migraine is not currently known. Some can be brought on by triggers, but this does not cover the majority of cases. Other potential reasons exist, particularly in certain theories, such as one involving cortical spreading depression. Some people think a migraine to be a neurological disease, but at this time there is no clear evidence to lead it to be certainly labeled as such.

Diagnosis

A doctor or medical professional should be involved in the diagnostic process. Criteria can be used in order to attempt to diagnose the condition. However, in many cases, a migraine is misdiagnosed as some other medical issue.

Treatment

For those who get migraines, there are three main ways in which management can be applied to the situation. To begin with, the person can attempt to avoid any triggers that are known or suspected to lead to his migraine attacks. Secondly, when one does occur, he can use treatment methods that aim at reducing the severity of the symptoms. Thirdly, he can use medical means to try to prevent future attacks.

Read more in general about paresthesia, or otherwise go right to the list of other potential medical causes of it.