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Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a serious inflammatory disease. It involves damage to the myelin of the brain and/or spinal cord. This process is known as demyelination.


Paresthesia is one of the potential multiple sclerosis symptoms, however, many others exist. A semi-related medical sign is hypoesthesia, in which the individual has reduced sensation. A wide range of other neurological symptoms can also be present. Muscle issues such as spasms or weakness can occur. Ataxia, in which there is a significant absence of muscle movement coordination, is another potential sign. Fatigue and pain are two more amongst the many others that can appear in a patient. MS symptoms tend to come in episodes, which are sometimes called relapses, and are also known by a variety of other names.


The exact medical causes of multiple sclerosis are unknown. It is thought that certain factors can contribute to its occurrence: genetics, infectious agents, environment, and possibly others. Although multiple sclerosis is not considered to be a genetic disorder, it is thought that some hereditary factors may increase the risk for an individual to develop the condition. Additionally, people who have a relative with MS have a higher incidence of developing the disease themselves. In general, the condition is more frequent as the distance from the equator increases. There is a possibility that serious levels of stress may play a role in the disease. Some illnesses have been associated with MS, however, there has been no confirmation of a link.


A medical professional is the one to make a diagnosis of MS. It may not be simple to receive such a diagnosis, as the symptoms involved are quite alike those in some other conditions. Neuroimaging can be used to look for a potential diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI, might be used to check for locations of demyelination. Additionally, cerebrospinal fluid can be analyzed, and evoked response can be recorded. Other methods might also be used.


There is no known cure for MS, and the average prognosis is 30 years until death after the beginning of the disease, as it progresses over time. There are, however, treatment methods for relieving symptoms felt during episodes, managing effects of the disease, and preventing episodes. The preferred treatment options can be different in any particular case, and a doctor should be involved in the selection process.

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