Paresthesia

Get the details on paresthesia.

Sciatica

One possible medical cause for paresthesia is sciatica. This is a collection of medical symptoms, and involves pain, as well as other items like numbness and weakness of the muscles. Often, it occurs in patients who have radiculopathy, but it also occurs in other situations. One this page, some medical reasons for sciatica are considered.

Piriformis syndrome

In this situation, the piriformis muscle irritates the sciatic nerve. Often this occurs due to compression. Symptoms include numbness and tingling associated with paresthesia. Pain can also result. A physical examination may be used for diagnosis, and the presence of sciatica can be taken into consideration. Certain imaging options may be helpful in ruling out other issues. Medications can be given to reduce the symptoms. These can include pain relievers as well as medicines that relax the muscles. Treatment can involve various physical activities, from stretching to physical therapy, with many others as possibilities. Avoiding certain activities that make the symptoms more intense may be helpful. Other treatment options are also available.

Spinal stenosis

In spinal stenosis, the spinal cavity undergoes a narrowing. This an take place in various sections of the person's spine. Along with paresthesia, other symptoms can result. Pain is a possibility. The person might also lose motor control. The two areas of the spine which are most typically affected are those around the neck and lower back.


Herniated disc

A herniated disc occurs when, for various reasons, the outer area of a spinal disc tears, letting the middle part of it protrude. One of the things this can result in is sciatica. In some cases, this situation leads to severe lower back pain. This discomfort can radiate to different areas, based on what part of the body is served by the nerve root that has been impacted. However, if only the tissue has an issue, then the pain may be minor or even nonexistent. Paresthesia can also result from this situation. In most instances, the symptoms are only affect a single side of the patient's body. For diagnosis, the doctor can take into consideration the symptoms that are being experienced, as well as the patient's medical history. A physical examination can be performed, and certain imaging options may be used. Usually, herniated discs will heal after a period of time, and surgery is not necessary. Various treatment options exist, and in some cases surgery is in fact performed.

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